|لاہور عجائب گھر|
Entrance to the museum
|Established||1865, later shifted to present site 1894|
|Location||The Mall, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan|
|Coordinates||31°34′06″N74°18′29″E / 31.568226°N 74.308174°E / 31.568226; 74.308174|
|Type||Archaeology, art, heritage, modern history, religious|
|Collection size||Pre & Proto, Coins, Hindu Buddhist & Jain, Gandhara, Islamic, Manuscripts, Miniature Paintings, General Collection, Arms, Ethnological, Postage & Stamps, Arts & Crafts, Contemporary Paintings, Pakistan Movement Gallery|
|Visitors||250,000 in 2005|
The Lahore Museum (Punjabi: لاہور میوزیم, Urdu: لاہور عجائب گھر), was originally established in 1865-66 on the site of the hall or building of the 1864 Punjab Exhibition and later shifted to its present site located on The Mall, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan in 1894.
Rudyard Kipling's father, John Lockwood Kipling, was one of the earliest and most famous curators of the museum. The next curator was K. N. Sitaram.
Over 250,000 visitors were registered in 2005.
The current building of Lahore Museum was designed by the well-known architect Sir Ganga Ram. The museum is the biggest museum of the country. A number of rooms have been under repair for a long time and others still show a rather old-fashioned and often rudimental display of objects, with Urdu captions only.
The museum contains some fine specimens of Mughal and Sikh doorways and woodwork and has a large collection of paintings dating back to the Mughal, Sikh and British periods. It includes a collection of musical instruments, ancient jewellery, textiles, pottery, and armory. There are important relics from the Indus Valley civilisation, Gandhara and Graeco-Bactrian periods as well as some Tibetan and Nepalese work on display. The museum has a number of Greco-Buddhistsculptures, Mughal and Pahari paintings on display.The Fasting Buddha from the Gandhara period is one of the most famous objects of the museum. The ceiling of the entrance hall features a large mural by renowned Pakistani artist Sadequain.
A Gandharan-era "Fasting Buddha"
A Gandharan-era miniature stupa
Relics from the Indo-Greek era
Scope of Lahore Museum
The museum displays archaeological materials from pre-historic times to the Hindu Shahi period. It has one of the largest collections of archaeology, history, arts, fine arts, applied arts, ethnology, and craft objects in Pakistan. It also has an extensive collection of Hellenistic and Mughal coins. A photo gallery is dedicated to the emerging of Pakistan as a state.
Timings & Entry Fee
Lahore Museum observes working hours as follows:
Winter (October 16 to April 15): 9.00 a.m. to 4.00 p.m.
Summer (April 16 to October 15): 9.00 a.m. to 5.00 p.m.
Camera Charges: Rs.25/-
Weekly holiday of the museum is Friday, whereas it remains closed on the first Monday of each month for the general public for maintenance. It also closes on actual days of Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Azha, Eid-i-Milad-un-Nabi and 9th and 10th of Muharram.
- Rudyard Kipling's novel, Kim (pub. 1901), was set in the vicinity of the old/original Lahore Museum and the Mall areas.
- Shaila Bhatti (2012), Translating museums: a counterhistory of South Asian museology, Walnut Creek, Calif: Left Coast Press, ISBN 9781611321449
- Whitehead, Richard Bertram (1914). Catalogue of Coins in the Panjab Museum, Lahore; Indo-Greek Coins : Volume 1. The Panjab Government at The Clarendon Press, Oxford.
- Whitehead, Richard Bertram (1914). Catalogue of Coins in the Panjab Museum, Lahore; Coins of Mughal Emperors: Volume 2. The Panjab Government at The Clarendon Press, Oxford.
Essay No. 01
A Visit To A Museum
A visit to a museum in interesting as well as educative. We can understand a lot about the history and culture of a country, its industry, arts, fashions etc. by visiting a museum. Last Sunday, I along with some of my intimate friends, went to a museum at Delhi. We bought tickets and entered the museum. The bug building was divided into a number of sections. On entering the building, we saw separate sections containing many idols of Hindu gods. They looked life-like and impressive. Then we found ourselves in a hall decorated with rare pictures and paintings. We then moved to the history section. We saw certain objects belonging to the various periods of history. We then went to a big room full of ancient weapons and amours, like heavy swords, lances and shields. We saw bows, arrows, guns, spears, statues, idols, manuscripts etc. In another section we saw Kashmiri shawls, Amritsari shawls, Amritsari carpets, Peshawari embroidered turbans and rugs and many other specimens from different parts of India. The art gallery impressed us the most. It had beautiful paintings of fruits, flowers and natural landscapes. We also saw beautiful ivory work, coins and jewellery kept in showcases in another section. Then we came to a section which displayed rare manuscripts. My eyes rested on a manuscript said to belong to the Gupta period of the Indian History. A gold coin coined during Vikramaditiya’s reign drew out attention. In this way a visit to a museum provided us with a rich feast of ideas. It left a deep imprint on my mind.
Essay No. 02
A Visit to a Museum
Museums are the repositories of antique items. They are, in reality, great historical, anthropological and archaeological monuments which tell us about the ancient world, how it developed over the centuries and how the human beings and animals lived in the past and so many other things like ancient art, crafts, etc.
Last week, I went to visit the local branch of the national museum which is situated in the heart of my town.
I went into the section of extinct species. Prominently among them were placed the models and charts of various kinds of dinosaurs. Possibilities of the extinction of the dinosaurs were presented in charts and through diagrams.
I saw a piece of the rock that had been brought from the moon by Neil Armstrong. I also saw coins of the past dynasties. Some of them were made of gold, others of silver and still others of copper and nickel.
I also saw several ancient household goods and utensils such as cups, plates, saucers, cauldrons, spoons, ladels, griddles, toy models of animals such as cows, buffaloes, goats, oxen, horses, cats, dogs, rats, etc.
Some clay models of birds such as parrots, sparrows, pigeons, eagles, hawks, vultures, crows, etc. were also there.
The most interesting ones were the models of human beings. Among them there were toys of men, women, boys, girls, infants in mothers, arms, etc. The men and women wore dresses of different fashions and kinds. All the models and toys belonged to different places and periods. It was explained by guides and the curator and was also written on several charts and explanatory sheets of paper.
As I returned home, I felt I was puffing with new knowledge.