Animal Testing Research Paper Titles

If I say “animal testing,” which of the following two images comes to mind?

Image #1: Professional, ethical scientists carefully monitoring and testing animals and developing life-saving cures.

Image #2: People needlessly injecting, probing, and torturing defenseless animals.

While some of you may have an image that’s somewhere between ethical testing and torture, I’m sure many of you will either see Image #1 or Image #2.

Animal testing is one of those topics that can polarize opinions. It’s this extreme difference in opinion that can make this topic a good choice for a persuasive essay.

It’s easy to say you’re either for or against animal testing, but you can’t write an effective persuasive essay about the topic without evidence to support your opinion.

Use these animal testing articles to help support your persuasive essay.

Choosing Appropriate Animal Testing Articles

One of the most important things to remember about research and choosing articles for your persuasive essay is that not all sources are created equal.

Sources can be outdated, incorrect, biased, or simply not appropriate for your paper.

That blog written by your roommate about how to reduce stress and anxiety during exam week might provide some useful advice. But if you’re writing a research paper, you’re better off citing someone more credible, like a professor or doctor.

And because finding good sources takes time, don’t simply pick the first five sources you find after Googling “animal testing.”

Actually read the sources before you decide to use them for your paper. (I know, this adds some extra time to your research process, but trust me, it’s worth it.)

Wondering how to tell if a source is credible? Read How to Apply the CRAAP Test to Your Essay Sources.

Still not sure what credible articles might look like? Review the following animal testing articles to find support for your persuasive essay.

20 Animal Testing Articles to Support Your Persuasive Essay

Whether you’re for or against animal testing, your paper needs to do the following:

  • Provide readers with background information
  • Acknowledge the opposing view (learn more about opposing viewpoints and writing an argument here)
  • Persuade readers of your viewpoint through by using good evidence.

I’ve divided these resources into categories to help you find the most appropriate articles for your persuasive essay.

I’ve also included an MLA 8 citation and APA citation for each article.

Articles on the history of animal testing

1. Animal Testing and Medicine

Written by a cardiologist, this article provides a brief overview of the history of animal testing but ultimately argues that animal testing is necessary and beneficial. (If you’re writing an argument of your own, check out How to Write a Winning Argument Essay.)

MLA 8 Citation

Hajar, Rachel. “Animal Testing and Medicine.” Heart Views: The Official Journal of the Gulf Heart Association, vol. 12, no. 1, 2011, p. 42, doi.org/10.4103/1995-705X.81548.

APA Citation

Hajar, R. (2011). Animal testing and medicine. Heart Views: The Official Journal of the Gulf Heart Association, 12(1), 42. http://doi.org/10.4103/1995-705X.81548

2. Animal Testing: A Long, Unpretty History

This article provides a brief history of animal testing, including animal testing completed by the Greeks and Romans in the 2nd century and more recent testing on chimpanzees.

MLA 8 Citation

Scutti, Susan. “Animal Testing: A Long, Unpretty History.” Medical Daily, Newsweek Media Group, 27 June 2013, www.medicaldaily.com/animal-testing-long-unpretty-history-247217.

APA Citation

Scutti, S. (2013). Animal testing: A long, unpretty history. Retrieved from http://www.medicaldaily.com/animal-testing-long-unpretty-history-247217

3. Animal Welfare Act

Published on the U.S. Department of Agriculture website, this page links to the full text of the Animal Welfare Act (which requires specific standards of treatment for animals used for commercial purposes or in research). This is a government website, and thus, the information is reliable.

MLA 8 Citation

“Animal Welfare Act.” U.S. Department of Agriculture, www.nal.usda.gov/awic/animal-welfare-act.

APA Citation

U.S. Department of Agriculture. (n.d.). Animal welfare act. Retrieved from https://www.nal.usda.gov/awic/animal-welfare-act

Pro/con animal testing articles

4. Pros and Cons of Animal Testing

Included in this article is a brief overview of the pros and cons of animal testing, two short animal experimentation videos, and an infographic about animal testing and cosmetics.

Want to use a pros and cons structure for your essay? Read How to Write a Pros and Cons Essay Like a Pro for helpful advice.

MLA 8 Citation

“Pros and Cons of Animal Testing.” Health Research Funding, 26 Feb. 2014. healthresearchfunding.org/pros-cons-animal-testing/.

APA Citation

Health Research Funding. (2014). Pros and cons of animal testing. Retrieved from http://healthresearchfunding.org/pros-cons-animal-testing/

5. Should Animals Be Used for Commercial or Scientific Testing?

This page offers a variety of pro and con quotes about animal testing from authors, doctors, professors, and other credible professionals.

MLA 8 Citation

“Should Animals Be Used for Scientific or Commercial Testing?” ProCon.org, 7 April 2017, animal-testing.procon.org/view.answers.php?questionID=001887.

APA Citation

Should animals be used for scientific or commercial testing? (n.d.). Retrieved from http://animal-testing.procon.org/view.answers.php?questionID=001887

6. Animal Testing Cons: What Every Person Should Know

As the title indicates, this article focuses on the negative aspects of animal testing, such as the cost, the lack of protection for animals, and the fact that some tests are, in the end, simply pointless.

This article is a blog post published by Udemy, “…a global marketplace for learning and teaching online.” Though the article provides valuable information, keep in mind that blog posts may not be appropriate for all research papers.

(Check with your prof, and read the assignment guidelines to make sure you’re allowed to cite blogs.)

MLA 8 Citation

Klazema, April. “Animal Testing Cons: What Every Person Should Know.” Udemy.com, 13 June 2014, blog.udemy.com/animal-testing-cons/.

APA Citation

Klazema, A. (2014, June 13). Animal testing cons: What every person should know [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://blog.udemy.com/animal-testing-cons/

Pro/con animal testing websites

When citing full websites in APA, keep in mind that APA doesn’t require an entry in your references list. The APA citations below put the websites into formatting for the reference list in case your prof requires you to do it this way.

If not, then follow APA guidelines on citing full websites if you’re citing an entire site or for individual web sources if citing a particular page or article from a website.

7. Speaking of Research

The website Speaking of Research was “founded in 2008 by Tom Holder and inspired by the British student movement ‘Pro-test'” (www.pro-test.org.uk).

The organization “…aims to change the tide of the controversial animal rights debate in the United States by encouraging students and scientists to speak out in favor of the lifesaving medical research developed with animals.”

MLA 8 Citation

Speaking of Research. speakingofresearch.com/.

APA Citation

Speaking of Research. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://speakingofresearch.com/

8. Understanding Animal Research

This website offers a variety of resources for journalists, scientists, schools, and policymakers. It also links to a number of news articles and other resources.

MLA 8 Citation

Understanding Animal Research. www.understandinganimalresearch.org.uk/.

  APA Citation

Understanding Animal Research. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.understandinganimalresearch.org.uk/

9. International Association Against Painful Experiments on Animals

Founded in 1969, this organization argues against all forms of animal testing.

MLA 8 Citation

International Association Against Painful Experiments on Animals. www.iaapea.com/.

APA Citation

International Association Against Painful Experiments on Animals. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.iaapea.com/

10. PETA

People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals is the self-proclaimed largest animal rights organization in the world and focuses on ending animal cruelty.

MLA 8 Citation

People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA). www.peta.org/.

APA Citation

People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA). (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.peta.org/

Animal testing news articles

11. How Animal Experiments Paved the Way for the CIA’s Torture Program

The author of this article, a neurologist and public health specialist, reveals that government torture of humans was directly inspired by similar animal testing. She also advocates for the government to stop its continued systematic experimentation on animals.

MLA 8 Citation

Akhtar, Aysha. “How Animal Experiments Paved the Way for the CIA’s Torture Program.” HuffPost, Oath Inc., 21 Jan. 2015, www.huffingtonpost.com/aysha-akhtar/how-animal-experiments-pa_b_6462706.html.

APA Citation

Akhtar, A. (2015). How animal experiments paved the way for the CIA’s torture program. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/aysha-akhtar/how-animal-experiments-pa_b_6462706.html

 12. New Law Gives Cats and Dogs in Research Labs a Second Chance At Life

Published by HuffPost, this article discusses a 2016 law that states, “All state-funded research labs must make dogs and cats used as test subjects available for adoption—as opposed to euthanizing them—when testing is complete.”

MLA 8 Citation

Hanson, Hillary. “New Law Gives Cats and Dogs in Research Labs A Second Chance At Life.” HuffPost, Oath Inc., 17 Aug. 2016, www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/law-dogs-cats-adoption-testing-beagle-freedom_us_57b4b2b4e4b0fd5a2f40d552.

APA Citation

Hanson, H. (2016). New law gives cats and dogs in research labs a second chance at life. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/law-dogs-cats-adoption-testing-beagle-freedom_us_57b4b2b4e4b0fd5a2f40d552

13. U.S. Research Lab Lets Livestock Suffer in Quest for Profit

This lengthy New York Times article describes a variety of tests, surgeries, and other experiments a giant research lab is using in an attempt to re-engineer farm animals. While the animals are a potential benefit to both the farms and the consumer, the harm and pain inflicted on the animals are extreme.

MLA 8 Citation

Moss, Michael. “U.S. Research Lab Lets Livestock Suffer in Quest for Profit.” The New York Times, 19 Jan. 2015, www.nytimes.com/2015/01/20/dining/animal-welfare-at-risk-in-experiments-for-meat-industry.html?_r=1.

APA Citation

Moss, M. (2015, January 19). U.S. research lab lets livestock suffer in quest for profit. The New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/20/dining/animal-welfare-at-risk-in-experiments-for-meat-industry.html?_r=1

14. About Cosmetics Animal Testing

Posted by Humane Society International, this article includes an overview of the testing of cosmetics on animals, as well as links to activism sites.

MLA 8 Citation

“About Cosmetics Animal Testing.” Humane Society International, 6 March 2013, www.hsi.org/issues/becrueltyfree/facts/about_cosmetics _animal_testing.html.

APA Citation

About cosmetics animal testing. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.hsi.org /issues/becrueltyfree/facts/about_cosmetics_animal_testing.html

15. To Kill a Lab Rat

Many animals used in testing are euthanized after experiments by being forced to inhale carbon dioxide. Animals feel distress during this process, and this article reports that labs, because of the pain and discomfort felt by animals, are being asked to use anesthesia.

Many, however, question whether this practice will be effective as it too may cause some distress to animals.

This article highlights the controversy surrounding the topic of animal testing. If you’re completing your own research on the subject, take a look at How to Write Perfect Survey Questions for Your Paper.

MLA 8 Citation

Grens, Kerry. “To Kill a Lab Rat.” The Scientist, LabX Media Group, 4 Nov. 2014, www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/41378/title/To-Kill-a-Lab-Rat/.

APA Citation

Grens, K. (2014, November 4). To kill a lab rat. The Scientist. Retrieved from http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/41378/title/To-Kill-a-Lab-Rat/

16. “Shocking” Animal Rights Exposés by Newspapers Were Nothing of the Kind

This article argues that, while it’s clear that some animal abuse occurs during experimentation, some newspapers sensationalize the reports. It further argues that only a handful of abuse cases can be substantiated.

MLA 8 Citation

Fox, Fiona. “‘Shocking’ Animal Rights Exposés by Newspapers Were Nothing of the Kind.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media Limited, 7 Oct. 2014, www.theguardian.com/science/2014/oct/07/animal-rights-uk-newspapers-buav.

APA Citation

Fox, F. (2104, October 7). “Shocking” animal rights exposés by newspapers were nothing of the kind. The Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/science/2014/oct/07/animal-rights-uk-newspapers-buav

17. Animal Experimentation Up 73%, Study Says

The animal rights organization PETA claims that the use of animals in federally funded labs has increased 75% in the past 15 years. The article also includes the opinion of the National Institute of Health, who argues that PETA has used the data inappropriately and, thus, dismisses the study.

This article is published by CBS News and is a credible news source.

MLA 8 Citation

Casey, Michael. “Animal Experimentation up 73 Percent, Study Says.” CBS News, CBS Interactive, 26 Feb. 2015, www.cbsnews.com/news/peta-study-finds-animal-testing-in-federal-labs-on-the-increase/.

APA Citation

Casey, M. (2015). Animal experimentation up 73 percent, study says. Retrieved from http://www.cbsnews.com/news/peta-study-finds-animal-testing-in-federal-labs-on-the-increase/

18. Companies Are Making Human Skin in Labs to Curb Animal Testing of Products

Published by CNBC.com, this article explains that the cosmetics company L’Oreal is growing human skin (called EpiSkin) in labs. The lab-grown skin is used to test cosmetics and help reduce the number of animals used in testing.

MLA 8 Citation

Woods, Bob. “Companies Are Making Human Skin in Labs to Curb Animal Testing of Products.” CNBC.com, 28 May 2017, www.cnbc.com/2017/05/25/loreal-is-making-lab-produced-human-skin-to-curb-animal-testing.html.

APA Citation

Woods, B. (2017). Companies are making human skin in labs to curb animal testing of products. Retrieved from http://www.cnbc.com/2017/05/25/loreal-is-making-lab-produced-human-skin-to-curb-animal-testing.html

19. The Price of Killing Off Animal Testing

Published in Newsweek, this article reports that, if animal rights activists achieved their goal of ending all animal testing, many people would suffer. The president of the Foundation for Biomedical Research even claims it “…would be a death sentence for millions of people around the world.”

MLA 8 Citation

Ericson, John. “The Price of Killing Off Animal Testing.” Newsweek, 20 Feb. 2014, www.newsweek.com/2014/02/21/price-killing-animal-testing-245548.html.

APA Citation

Ericson, J. (2014, February 20). The price of killing off animal testing. Newsweek. Retrieved from http://www.newsweek.com/2014/02/21/price-killing-animal-testing-245548.html

20. The 6 Craziest Animal Experiments

Just as it sounds, this article provides a brief discussion of six strange and sometimes controversial animal experiments.

MLA 8 Citation

Wolchover, Natalie. “The 6 Craziest Animal Experiments.” LiveScience, TechMedia Network, 1 August 2011, www.livescience.com/33420-6-craziest-animal-experiments.html.

APA Citation

Wolchover, N. (2011). The 6 craziest animal experiments. Retrieved from http://www.livescience.com/33420-6-craziest-animal-experiments.html

Finalizing Your Research

It’s probably safe to say that, although this blog post contains 20 credible animal testing articles to support a persuasive essay, not all of the articles included here will work for your paper.

This, of course, means you’ll need to do more research.

Remember, finding good sources takes time, so don’t just use the first animal testing articles listed in your Google search. In fact, Google isn’t even the best way to complete your research (really!).

Google is a great start, but there are other places to find credible resources. Where, you ask? Read the 5 Best Sources to Help with Writing a Research Paper to find out!

Looking for even more help writing a persuasive essay? Read these posts:

Want to see what other students have written about the topic ? Check out these example essays about animal testing.

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Dr. Frank Meehan picked up Charlie, the frail brown monkey and placed him into what would soon be his coffin. Charlie was screaming hysterically almost knowing that his time had come in the small research laboratory for a common cleaner product. Charlie had seen many of the other animals die the same agonizing death that he envisioned himself to be receiving soon. What would it be this time? Pumping the cleaner into his stomach or pouring it directly on his skin to study the burning of tissue?

Perhaps it will be dripped into his eyes to test the blinding effects. All Charlie knew was that he was going to be dying a slow and painful death just like all the other animals in the lab. This is just one example of what most animals in a research laboratory undergo every day. Most dont survive as they are pricked, prodded and pumped with chemicals that no human would want to inhale much less swallow. The use of animal testing in the cosmetics industry has been widely accepted in todays society. With new ideas overflowing, there is little to do but expect the wide variety of products that have been handed to us.

Besides, there are regulations put on companies testing options, right? What if those regulations are rarely checked? In fact, most are so vague they are not even restricting such tests that blind, paralyze and torture defenseless animals solely for the breakthrough in human hygiene and attraction. The use of animal testing for cosmetic purposes is unjustifiable and outdated. Companies that continue to blind and poison animals do so simply because they dont have the vision to try a new and better way. There are many alternatives to animal studies that are not being considered.

Such alternatives have shown to be more accurate thus should be strictly enforced by law. Most of us are ignorant of what is actually happening behind the close doors of a company laboratory. A kitten convulsing after being doused with a chemical, or a rabbit whose skin had been eaten away by an acidic substance is not an uncommon thing found. With these procedures, anesthetics are never used as most scientists say it interferes with the results. These animals are being mutilated and tortured so humans can get the best hair dye, perfume, and toothpaste on the market. In one experiment, a pets eyelids were sewn shut to compare the difference in protein levels of a normal eye.

Such experiments could easily be altered with the use of new breakthroughs in science that allow the subject to not be a live animal. Such disgusting and vivid examples of animal experiments are hardly humane. Animal testing can be a thing of the past with the help of new ideas. Many new ideas and alternatives have been approved for years, but most companies in the cosmetic industry refuse to change their ways. Animal experimentation's are still being used because companies are not liable for the deaths they are causing, and are able to test toxic chemicals without legal repercussions (Copeland). Alternatives to this research are not even being considered among many large company chains.

Successful alternatives like test tube studies on human tissue cultures, statistics, in-vitro tests, computer software, and even human "clinical trial" tests are hopefully the end to animal testing. The use of animal organs, cells, or tissue cultures is also an alternative. Though animal lives are sacrificed for the use of their parts, the animals are not suffering. The advancement in human tissue culture has even been known to reduce the possibility of contamination and decrease the chances of human error. It has been said that human skin cultures are cheaper, faster, and more accurate at predicting human reactions to a product than the old animal tests ever were (Stevens). With this guarantee of better and more accurate tests, its a wonder why every company isnt cruelty-free.

Many would argue that a humans life has greater intrinsic value than an animals life. I can agree with the FDA in that it is important to study drugs on lab rats for medicinal purposes that could root a breakthrough in medicine. One of those studies could possibly be the cure to many unknown diseases. In fact, Animal research has played a vital role in virtually every major medical advance of the last century (Blinding).

However, hearing of pets receiving huge amounts of perfumed soaps pumped into their stomachs is repulsing and measuring how long it took a chemical to burn away the cornea of a rabbits eye, needs to be looked upon as animal cruelty (Blinding). Medicinal science fights for the health and wellness of all beings. Cosmetic research with animal testing is a selfish way to better the lives of humans alone. The number of companies that test their products on animals has come a long way the last several decades. Progress toward the use of alternatives to animal testing will continue to gain strength as awareness and support for alternatives is made known. Promoting alternatives to these experiments could result in the saving of many animals.

Charles Darwin once said, The love for all living creatures is the most noble attribute of man. If we support the wrongful abuse and killing of millions of animals each year, we are no less to blame than the companies themselves. The boycotting of such products could result in many companies agreeing to use more updated tests. As consumers, we can purchase only products marked "cruelty-free" and writing to the companies that still do animal testing. Every second, an animal is killed for the benefit of human well-being. Cosmetic companies make up more than half those deaths.

We should never be tolerating such harmful acts that have been proven unnecessary and unjust. These companies could be a part of saving the lives of millions of innocent creatures. Hundreds of companies have vowed to not use animals in their studies, but there is still hundreds more to be taught the true value of gods creatures. Charlie, the monkey, was just one example of a defenseless animal put to death for the sake of human beauty. With more help and cooperation, Charlie, and all the other pets in laboratories will not have to suffer.


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